Almost 40% of Americans over 65 have bunions, and the condition doesn’t discriminate. You can develop this frustrating foot abnormality even during childhood. At Yavapai Foot and Ankle Center in Prescott, Arizona, experienced bunion specialists Todd Cox, DPM, and Blake Peterson, DPM, provide both conservative and surgical bunion treatment based on your situation. There’s no reason to live with that bony bump, so call the office or book an appointment through the online scheduler.
A bunion is a structural abnormality that causes a significant bump at the bottom of your big toe. A bunion develops in the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint between your big toe's phalanx bones and your foot's first long metatarsal bone.
As the first metatarsal gravitates out of position, the big toe drifts in the other direction. That causes a prominent bump on the side of your foot at the base of your big toe.
You may also develop a bunionette, a much smaller bunion that causes soreness and discomfort on the outside part of your pinky toe.
Bunions develop gradually, with symptoms increasing over the years if untreated. Common symptoms include:
Bunions can also lead to hammertoe, in which your toes freeze while bent. Severe bunions can trigger additional changes in your feet, potentially leading to serious foot imbalance and instability.
Genetics is the most common cause. You don't inherit the bunions themselves, but your foot type — which comes from your genetics — can make you prone to developing them.
It's not definitively known whether shoes can cause bunions. Many foot doctors believe that footwear like high heels can contribute to, but isn't the sole cause of, bunions.
Chronic conditions like rheumatoid arthritis and neuromuscular issues like flat feet can potentially lead to bunions, as can foot trauma.
Yavapai Foot and Ankle Center uses several bunion treatments, from the most conservative to the most advanced surgical corrections.
If you frequently wear shoes that push your toes together, like pointed-toe heels, a change of shoes can help to ease bunion symptoms.
Orthotics, shoe inserts that Yavapai Foot and Ankle Center offers on-site, can help to gently realign your toe and ease the pressure around your MTP joint.
Padding the MTP joint and taping the toes can relieve skin irritation and pain.
Corticosteroid and anesthetic injections can ease your bunion pain for as much as a few months.
Nonsurgical treatments can ease symptoms but don't prevent progression. If you have a severe bunion, surgery to remove the extra bone and realign your foot might be the best solution.
Yavapai Foot and Ankle Center has the best in bunion solutions, so call the office or schedule online.