Tarsal tunnel syndrome is a rare condition that causes sharp, shooting foot pain, numbness, and tingling. When left untreated, it can result in permanent nerve damage, affecting your mobility and quality of life. At Yavapai Foot and Ankle Center, Todd Cox, DPM, and Blake Peterson, DPM, use advanced treatments to manage tarsal tunnel syndrome. To schedule an appointment at the Prescott, Arizona, practice, call to speak with a member of the support staff or book online today.
Tarsal tunnel syndrome is an overuse injury that causes damage to your posterior tibial nerve. Your tibial nerve runs through the tarsal tunnel, a narrow corridor inside your ankle that’s surrounded by bone and connective tissue.
If your tibial nerve becomes squeezed or compacted by the tarsal tunnel, it results in a variety of uncomfortable symptoms.
Common symptoms of tarsal tunnel syndrome include:
Tarsal tunnel syndrome affects everyone differently. For some people, symptoms are intense and occur suddenly. For others, they develop gradually, over an extended period.
Tarsal tunnel syndrome affects people of all ages and genders, but several factors are thought to increase your risk, including flat feet, inflammation caused by arthritis, and diabetes.
You’re also more likely to experience tarsal tunnel syndrome if you experience foot or ankle trauma like a fracture, dislocation, or a sprain.
To diagnose tarsal tunnel syndrome, your provider at Yavapai Foot and Ankle Center reviews your medical history and asks about your symptoms, including when they started and if any activities make them worse.
Afterward, they physically examine your foot and perform a Tinel’s test. During a Tinel’s test, your provider gently taps on your tibial nerve. If you experience a tingling or burning sensation, you likely have tarsal tunnel syndrome.
Your provider might also recommend electromyography to assess the function of the nerves in your feet.
Treatment for tarsal tunnel syndrome depends on the cause of your pain and its effect on your quality of life.
Usually, Yavapai Foot and Ankle Center recommends conservative treatments like ice, rest, and elevation or taking over-the-counter pain medication. If your symptoms progress or get worse, you might benefit from steroid injections or custom orthotics.
If your tarsal tunnel syndrome is severe, surgery may be necessary. Tarsal tunnel surgery involves your provider releasing a ligament in your foot. That takes the pressure off your posterior tibial nerve, providing relief.
To explore treatment for tarsal tunnel syndrome, request a consultation at Yavapai Foot and Ankle Center. Call the office to speak with a member of the support staff or book online today.